Vol III. Springer, Henshilwood, C. Herries, A. Shaw, I. Jameson eds. A Dictionary of Archaeology.
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Paleolithic – Old stone age | Short history website
Recommended Books Handbook of Paleoanthropology. What Is Paleolithic Art? University of Chicago Press 19 April Arcade 01 April University of Chicago Press 03 November Chicago Style Groeneveld, Emma. Powered by Mailchimp Newsletter Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week:. History Enthusiast Teacher Student Librarian. Timeless Travels We publish the digital edition of Timeless Travels , the unique magazine for lovers of history, culture, and travel.
Clay can be fashioned into a desire shape and baked to fix its form. This is the birth of pottery.
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Usable clay is widely available, which explains why pottery was independently invented in many parts of the world at different times. The oldest evidence of pottery manufacture has been found in an archaeological site known as Odai Yamamoto, in Japan , where fragments from a specific vessel have been dated to 16,, BP "before present", meaning 16,, years ago, usually associated with radiocarbon dating. Non-agricultural Jomon peoples of Japan were producing clay pots that were elaborately decorated by about 13, BP, which were used for food preparation.
During the Early Neolithic era, around 8, BCE, special ovens used to parch cereal grains and to bake bread were being built in the Near East, which allowed people to control fire and produce high temperatures in enclosed facilities. Initially, pottery was made in open fires, but the use of ovens added new possibilities to the development of pottery.
Around the same time, some areas of South America were also developing pottery technology. With the introduction of Bronze metallurgy, the Stone Age came to an end.
Bronze is a mixture of copper and tin, which has greater hardness than copper, better casting properties, and a lower melting point. Bronze could be used for making weapons, something that was not possible with copper, which is not hard enough to endure combat conditions. In time, bronze became the primary material for tools and weapons, and a good part of the stone technology became obsolete, signaling the end of the Stone Age.
Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication. We're a small non-profit organisation run by a handful of volunteers. Become a Member. Violatti, C. Stone Age. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Violatti, Cristian. Last modified July 18, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 18 Jul This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
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Human Evolution: The Old Stone Age
Remove Ads Advertisement. Tools and weapons during the Stone Age were not made exclusively of stone: organic materials such as antler, bone, fibre, leather, and wood were also employed. Bibliography Bahn, P. Dictionary of Archaeology. Penguin Books, Cunliffe, B. Oxford University Press, Darvill, T. Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology. Gamble, C.
Fishing in the Stone Age. How to cite. The oldest This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Anell, B. Contribution to the History of Fishing in the Southern Seas. Google Scholar.
Brandt, A. Protokolle zur Fangtechnik XII 55 : — Fish Catching Methods of the World. Breuil, H. South African Journal of Science 41 : — Evers, D.
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